There's an interesting new paper in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy by Cakir, Boland, and Wang that studies the impacts of the 2015 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI or avian flu) outbreak in the US. The authors draw attention to the free-trade deals signed by our trading partners and highlight a beneficial aspect of those trade deals that allow other countries to place bans on imports only only those specific regions or states that have infected animals. As the authors show, the economic losses from the bird flu outbreak would have been much worse had other countries simply banned all imports of US turkey.
Here are the author's main findings:
This is from the conclusions: